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“Regular” v.s “Spore” Probiotics: 4 Questions to Ask Your Manufacturer
By Joanie Blaxter, National Sales Manager for Just Thrive
What exactly is the difference between a spore probiotic and a regular probiotic?
When I say "regular" or “conventional,” it is short-hand for what has been being sold at the retail level for decades, 95+% of which are multi-strain, lactobacillus and/or bifidobacterium based formulas.
The way you tell the difference between these two kinds of bacteria is that only spore strains begin with the word "Bacillus." If a strain listed on a label begins with anything else, it is one of the non-spore, more fragile bacteria.
What all regular probiotics have in common is that their bacteria lack any kind of protective spore shell, making them very delicate and easily killed.
In contrast, the spore bacillus strains used in Just Thrive evolved over eons to naturally have a shell, the purpose of which is to help the bacteria survive in the extremes of the outer environment. Furthermore, all four strains in Just Thrive have been well studied by microbiologists and categorized as “human gut commensal,” meaning they are beneficial to our gut microbiome.
In a “perfect” world, the earth would always be microbially loaded with these gut commensal spores which, alive but inactive within their shell, would then catch a ride from the soil onto a growing plant to be eaten by an animal… like you and me.
Arriving safely in their home, the intestines, these gut commensal strains immediately remove their shell and spend the next three to four weeks as our gut-cleaners. Slowly moving from the top down, these bacteria kill pathogens and rebalance the microbial population all along the entire length of the tract. They literally live to clean up our gut!
Then, just before being excreted, they re-sporulate and, again, in a “perfect” world, would be returned to the soil to start the cycle all over.
Because we are designed by nature to be consuming these strains every day, that is how peak benefit is received - consistent, preferably daily, consumption.
Unfortunately, we have so sterilized our environment, inside and out, including all our food growing and processing systems, that the best guarantee for receiving maintenance levels of these critically important strains is currently through supplementation, not plant food.
But don’t non-spore strains survive and colonize?
People have questioned the idea that conventional probiotic strains are killed, saying they have read studies and articles that contradict that assertion.
Kiran Krishnan, the research microbiologist behind Just Thrive, clarified that question for me. He said that the strains used in clinical studies are generally much stronger than those found in commercial probiotics.
This has to do with both expense and how mass production affects bacteria over time. Technically the information in those studies is probably accurate, just not transferable to commercially produced strains available for purchase.
That clarification reinforced what I had heard in May of 2016 at a panel discussion at UCLA consisting of two research microbiologists and Sandor Katz, author of the extremely popular DIY fermentation book, Wild Fermentation. All three agreed that the bacteria in both fermented foods and commercial lacto/bifido probiotics were virtually entirely killed by bile and stomach acids.
Then how do regular probiotics provide any benefit at all?
If conventional strains do not, for the most part, colonize the gut microbiome, how can they help us feel better? Because we have all seen, or experienced, getting some benefit from these strains under some conditions.
To answer that question, in 2009 NIH researchers tested the non-spore strain, lactobacillus rhamnosus, commonly found in many popular brands because it can be effective against diarrhea.
Surprisingly, when these microbiologists heat-killed the lactobacillus rhamnosus it was just as effective dead at stopping diarrhea as it was alive. (See: Live and heat-killed rhamnosus GG https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19390478)
When we consume conventional probiotics and fermented foods, our live, permanent microbial residents are clinging to the gut wall and constantly examining the contents of the river of nutrients moving past over the six to eight hours it takes food to travel through the entire digestive tract.
Dead or alive, all bacteria contain microRNA within their body, each strain having its own unique RNA qualities and specific benefits. When the live bacteria see their dead cousins floating by, if they perceive something of benefit, there is a genetic exchange from the dead to the live.
Compost Versus Live Gardeners
Since it’s the microRNA within the dead microbial bodies that provides the temporary immune boost, I think of the bacteria in regular probiotics and fermented food as fertilizer for my gut garden.
Consuming Just Thrive probiotic, however, is like putting alive, intelligent, gut-cleaning gardeners in my microbiome. They clean up the entire length of the garden over three to four weeks, killing weeds while also nurturing and increasing the plants we want to thrive.
In contrast to the strains in conventional probiotics, spore bacillus strains are unbelievably hardy…
- Just Thrive’s strains survived being heated up to 455 degrees in a clinical study. Yes, you can open the cap and dump the flavorless powder in your morning joe or bake them into lasagna – and they’ll still survive to colonize your intestines.
- One of the strains in Just Thrive was found in an insect fossilized in amber 25 million years old – and still alive. That’s 10x longer than humans have been in existence on the planet!
- Another strain took a ride on the inside of the lens of NASA spacecraft and survived years in the frigidity of deep space as well as the fiery temps of exiting and re-entering earth’s atmosphere.
Why is Just Thrive "first" and "best"?
Just Thrive is based directly on the newest technology and science emerging from the Human Microbiome Project.
However, because the research microbiologist behind Just Thrive was already studying spore bacillus when that project began in 2008, despite being a full 10 years in research and development, Just Thrive was still the first 100% spore-based bacillus probiotic to be introduced to the retail market. On the shelves of natural food stores in the Chicago area beginning in 2014, Just Thrive is now carried by select retailers nationwide.
Being ahead of the curve enabled the formulator behind Just Thrive to obtain the licensing rights for all four strains used in Just Thrive from the top spore bacillus researcher in the world, Dr. Simon Cutting in the U.K. As a result, Just Thrive’s strains are unusually hardy, even compared to other commercial spore bacillus probiotics, as shown by our unique gastric survival rate of 100% across the board.
This includes the patented, antioxidant-producing Indicus HU36, possibly the most important of the four because it produces seven antioxidants at far greater levels than can be consumed from food.
Four questions to ask before choosing a probiotic, conventional or spore-based
- What is your product's third party gastric survivability rate? You want to make sure that the pH used is 1.3, which is the pharmacopeia standard for gastric survivabilty? (Some companies try to get around this by using a more alkaline 2 or 3 range which would allow for greater survivability.) Testing at a pH of 1.3 will tell you the exact survival rate of the bacteria through normal stomach and bile acidity.
- Has a gut model study been done on the strains? That will clarify whether any bacteria surviving gastric acidity can also successfully adhere to the intestinal wall and colonize. In order to remain in the microbiome, bacteria must be able to bind tightly to particular receptor sites. Lacking that ability, even if alive, they will simply be swept out of the intestines by peristalsis in a matter of a few hours. Simply finding live bacteria in feces is not a guarantee of colonization.
- Is your product DNA verified? If so, how often? That will guarantee that the label matches the contents. At that same UCLA panel in 2016 previously mentioned, microbiologist Elaine Hsiao cautioned the audience that when UC researchers tested 16 different probiotics pulled off the shelves in southern CA, only one had contents that actually matched the label. (See 8 Probiotic Myths by Kiran Krishnan and Quality Control of Probiotics Lacking by Louisa Richards https://www.nutraingredients.com/Article/2015/11/20/Quality-control-of-probiotics-is-lacking-study-suggests.
- If it is a multi-strain formula, are all the strains grown in the same vat? Strains grown in a single vat can genetically cross-contaminate. This occurs when different strains grow together, exchange genes and create a brand-new strain. This previously unseen strain of bacteria would be neither listed on the label, nor ever tested for safety in the human body. The UC testing mentioned above did find this in some of the probiotics they examined, according to Hsiao.
Just Thrive can provide both third party gastric survivability and DNA test results. Furthermore, gut model testing on bacillus subtilis HU58 and bacillus indicus HU36 showed that these strains not only colonized, but also created a 30% improvement in the gut microbiome population in just 14 days at one cap daily. And all four of our strains are grown in their own separate vats to prevent cross-contamination.